Tuesday, December 24, 2019

Complicated Relationship Between the Federal, State, and...

The relationship between the federal government of the United States and the state and local governments is unique. This relationship in the modern age has become more interconnected and complicated than ever before. The weaknesses of American Federalism has never been as glaringly obvious as it was in the response by state, local and federal governments to the devastation of Hurricane Katrina. Failures by multiple elected officials and government agencies exacerbated an already dire situation by delaying much needed aid to the gulf region. This, combined with a fundamental misunderstanding of the physical geography of the region, led to policies that weakened the coastline and made New Orleans extremely susceptible to hurricane damage.†¦show more content†¦Federal agencies failed to respond to multiple attempts by both private and public institutions to warn of the possibility of a large scale disaster spurred by a land falling hurricane. An independent study financed by th e Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and completed more than a year before Katrina, found that New Orleans was the U.S. city most susceptible to hurricane damage. FEMA elected to take no further action than to circulate the results of the report to the organization. Some think this may have been worsened by the decision to place FEMA under Department of Homeland Security, which decreased funding and restricted natural disaster response resources. The federal government also failed the gulf region in the policy decisions made concerning the management of natural resources in the area and the effect on its physical geography. One of these programs was called the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet or MRGO. The purpose of this project was to provide an economic boost to the region by increasing river traffic, and also aid in the recurring flood water issues in the Mississippi Delta Region. A byproduct of the project was that it increased the flow of water south to New Orleans. Government subsidies were given to companies drilling in the New Orleans region for oil and natural gas even though this was causing the city to slowlyShow MoreRelatedThe Consequences of an Increasingly Globalized World Essay1330 Words   |  6 Pagesdramatically changed the context in which nation-states operate and, in turn, the central governments’ ability to govern in a truly democratic manner. With this in mind, this essay will address the questio n of whether the federal principle of governance is applicable to all or only certain states. It will argue that as the forces of globalisation continue to operate, the federal principle will gradually become the most attractive option for all democratic states as they contend with its consequences. 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